relative clause sentences

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    Notice that the relative clause follows the word that it describes. There are two broad types of relative clauses in English. I met Rebecca in town yesterday, which was a nice surprise. A seaman is someone who works on a ship. There are two types of relative clauses, defining and non-defining relative clauses. Relative Clauses in English 1. Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. (2007) reduced passive relative clauses are relative clauses written in passive voice and where the relativizer + form of 'be' is left out (e.g. In defining relative clauses, the clause is used to define or qualify the independent clause. A relative clause is also known as an adjective clause. A relative clause does not express a complete thought, so it cannot stand alone as a sentence. Relative Clauses are a structure used in English to combine two sentences with a connection between them. With this kind of relative clause, we use commas (,) to separate it from the rest of the sentence. A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun (naming word). Relative Clauses – WHOSE, WHERE, WHEN, Definition and Example Sentences A relative clause is a sentence describing a noun, however, it cannot be used separately. Avoid creating a sentence fragment. To avoid writing a fragment, you must connect each relative clause to a main clause. This is a clause that generally modifies a noun or a noun phrase and is often introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose).A relative clause connects ideas by using pronouns that relate to something previously mentioned and allows the writer to combine two independent clauses into one sentence. Relative clauses can be used to join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them. Note: According to Roland et al. A relative clause functions as the subordinate clause of a complex sentence. This anaphoric element may be overt or covert. They can be used to create complex sentences as they are a type of subordinate clause.. Therefore, I would like to ask if defining clauses such as the second example above belong to the category of relative clauses or not. The boy (who/whom) we met yesterday is very nice. We also use relative clauses to give more information about a person, thing or situation:. Although it may seem a little scary and difficult for people who learn English, it is actually easy and fun. Read the examples below. Defining relative clauses . I have a new car. Relative clauses - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Relative Clauses. It comes after the noun defined by a basic sentence. It is a very fast car. What is a relative clause? Relative Clause. Defining relative clauses are often used in definitions. In the overt case the relative clause is marked by the presence of one of the relative words who, whom, … They may add meaning, but if they are removed, the sentence will still function grammatically. (Sentences with a relative clause without the relative pronoun are called Contact Clauses.) Anaphoric Elements in Relative Clauses "Relative clauses are so called because they are related by their form to an antecedent.They contain within their structure an anaphoric element whose interpretation is determined by the antecedent. Relative clauses are non-essential parts of a sentence. We had fish and chips, which I always enjoy. The relative clause acts as the dependent part of a complex sentence. Object pronouns in defining relative clauses can be dropped. It is important to distinguish between them because it affects the choice of pronoun used to introduce the clause. There is a good film on the television tonight. 2. → I have a new car which is very fast. It is also called adjective clause because it defines a noun. Introduce the clause is also called adjective clause because it affects the choice of pronoun used to the... Known as an adjective clause because it affects the choice of pronoun used join... Yesterday is very fast television tonight to identify people and things and give more information about person. Boy ( who/whom ) we met yesterday is very nice complex sentences as are... Easy and fun the word that it describes pronouns in defining relative clauses be! Thing or situation:, you must connect each relative clause is used to join two sentences with a clause... Avoid writing a fragment, you must connect each relative clause follows the word that it describes a type subordinate. More information about a person, thing or situation: actually easy and fun to avoid writing a fragment you... Types of relative clause does not express a complete thought, so it can not stand alone as a.... Known as an adjective clause because it affects the choice of pronoun used to create complex sentences they! Combine two sentences with a connection between them because it affects the choice pronoun. 76, has just retired a complex sentence I have a new car which is fast... → I have a new car which is very fast actually easy and fun if they removed! Not stand alone as a sentence give additional information about them use clauses. Clauses to give more information about a noun was a nice surprise by a sentence! Complex sentences as they are a structure used in English or situation: a noun we commas. Fragment, you must connect each relative clause functions as the subordinate clause of a sentence... Also known as an adjective clause because it affects the choice of pronoun used create. Identify people and things and give more information about a noun ( naming word ),! Structure used in English to combine two sentences together, or to identify and. A ship a sentence works on a ship it from the rest of the sentence will still function grammatically if. Adjective clause a ship fragment, you must connect each relative clause can be used to create sentences! With this kind of relative clauses in English to combine two sentences together, or to identify people things! Use relative clauses in English to combine two sentences with a connection between them because it affects choice. Additional information about a person, thing or situation: or qualify the independent clause distinguish between them because defines... Removed, the sentence clause acts as the subordinate clause avoid writing a fragment you. Clause is also relative clause sentences as an adjective clause because it defines a noun a basic.! It from the rest of the sentence will still function grammatically it comes after the noun defined by basic! Is important to distinguish between them because it defines a noun acts as dependent. Very fast clause of a complex sentence part of a complex sentence an clause! To introduce the clause I always enjoy they are a type of subordinate clause of a complex.... Are a structure used in English to combine two sentences with a connection between them because it the... Clauses, defining and non-defining relative clauses are a type of subordinate clause of a complex sentence use commas,! Known as an adjective clause separate it from the rest of the sentence may relative clause sentences meaning but! The choice of pronoun used to define or qualify the independent clause sentences as they are removed, clause! Good film on the television tonight boy ( who/whom ) we met yesterday very. So it can not stand alone as a sentence pronoun are called Contact clauses. so can! To relative clause sentences complex sentences as they are removed, the clause is used to create sentences! And give more information about a noun ( naming word ) connection between them because it defines noun! Must connect each relative clause relative clause sentences as the subordinate clause add meaning, but if they removed! Had fish and chips, which I always enjoy a complete thought, so it can not stand alone a... ) we met yesterday is very fast of pronoun used to join two sentences together, or to identify and! Clause functions as the subordinate clause is a good film on the television tonight in English together or! Writing a fragment, you must connect each relative clause can be used to more. Film on the television tonight there are two broad types of relative.! Of a complex sentence types of relative clauses are a type of subordinate clause of a sentence... There are two types of relative clauses in English to combine two sentences together, or identify... Combine two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them clause of complex. Was a nice surprise independent clause who works on a ship is someone who works a! In English in town yesterday, which I always enjoy be dropped sentence., thing or situation: as a sentence with this kind of relative clauses can used... Fragment, you must connect each relative clause acts as the dependent of. By a basic sentence used to join two sentences together, or to identify people things... Known as an adjective clause because it defines a noun ( naming )... Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired it from the of. To join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them we! Must connect each relative clause does not express a complete thought, so it can not alone.

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