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    [66][68], The roots of the Sikh tradition are perhaps in the sant-tradition of India whose ideology grew to become the Bhakti tradition. His father Mehta Kalu and mother Mata Tripta belonged to the merchant caste. The guru requested his devotees to bring flowers and instructed the Sikhs and Hindus to place flowers on his right side and the Muslims to place flowers to his left side. Died On: September 22, 1539. During this period, he went on short journeys to the Nath yogi centre of Achal, and the Sufi centres of Pakpattan and Multan. So Guru Nanak used this amazing opportunity by buying wheat, sugar and ghee for a group of sadhus who had not eaten food for several days. [19], According to Sikh traditions, the birth and early years of Nanak's life were marked with many events that demonstrated that Nanak had been blessed with divine grace. "[13], According to Max Arthur Macauliffe (1909), a Hindu festival held in the 19th century on Kartik Purnima in Amritsar attracted a large number of Sikhs. Guru Nanak's birthday is celebrated by Sikhs on April 14th by … Let no man in the world live in delusion. [8], Most janamsakhis (ਜਨਮਸਾਖੀ, 'birth stories')—the traditional biographies of Nanak—mention that he was born on the third day of the bright lunar fortnight, in the Baisakh month (April) of Samvat 1526. Before his death, Guru Gobind Singh decreed in 1708, that the Gurū Granth Sāhib would be the final and perpetual Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Nanak is considered by Sikhs to have departed his body only. [12], Bhai Gurdas, having written on a full-moon-day of the Kartik month several decades after Nanak's death, mentions that Nanak had "obtained omniscience" on the same day, and it was now the author's turn to "get divine light. But it has a pivotal concept of Guru. The hagiographic character of the Puratan tradition is well illustrated by the story of Nanak’s visit to Mecca. [49] In Sikhism, the term revelation, as Cole and Sambhi clarify, is not limited to the teachings of Nanak. Guru Nanak (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ (Gurmukhi); گرو نانک (Shahmukhi); Gurū Nānak; [gʊɾuː naːnəkᵊ], pronunciation; born as Nanak on 15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539), also referred to as Baba Nanak ('father Nanak'),[1] was the founder of Sikhism and is the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. He told them that permission for funeral rites would be determined by whichever set of flowers remained fresh throughout the night. [35][34], In 1508, Nanak visited the Sylhet region in Bengal. Born On: April 15, 1469. Therefore, holding Nanak's birth anniversary celebrations immediately after Baisakhi would have resulted in thin attendance, and therefore, smaller donations for the Sikh shrines. Guru Nanak ([g??u? The hagiographical Janamsakhis were not written by Nanak, but by later followers without regard for historical accuracy, containing numerous legends and myths created to show respect for Nanak. Macauliffe (1909) notes that, according to the. Nanak, (born April 15, 1469, Rai Bhoi di Talvandi [now Nankana Sahib, Pakistan], near Lahore, India—died 1539, Kartarpur, Punjab), Indian spiritual teacher who was the first Guru of the Sikhs, a monotheistic religious group that combines Hindu and Muslim influences. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi (‘full-moon of the Katak’), i.e. For instance, at the age of five, Nanak is said to have voiced interest in divine subjects. [20][32][33] These claims include Nanak's visit to Mount Sumeru of Indian mythology, as well as Mecca, Baghdad, Achal Batala, and Multan, where he would debate religious ideas with opposing groups. Guru Nanas was the founder of Sikhism and also the first of the 10 gurus of the religion. Guru Nanak's body was never found. Guru Nanak's father worked as an accountant for the local Muslim leaders and Guru Nanak attended both a Hindu primary … Today, the predominantly Muslim town attracts Sikh pilgrims from around the globe. His father was the local patwari (accountant) in the village of Talwandi. [9] The Sikh records state that Nanak died on the 10th day of the Asauj month of Samvat 1596 (22 September 1539 CE), at the age of 70 years, 5 months, and 7 days. Guru Nanak Dev Ji died on September 22, 1539. According to Guru Nanak, this was the best bargain he could do. 1 of 4 When he was 30 he mysteriously disappeared for 3 days. The three-day event commemorated the 481st death anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev. [8] These include the Puratan ('traditional' or 'ancient') janamsakhi, Miharban janamsakhi, Gyan-ratanavali by Bhai Mani Singh, and the Vilayat Vali janamsakhi. Guru Nanak’s Birth is celebrated al around the world as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Kartik Pooranmashi, The full-moon day in the last month of the year October-November. [47], The other theory states that Nanak was a Guru, not a prophet. [9] However, the anniversary of Nanak's birth—the Gurpurab (guru + purab, 'celebration')—subsequently came to be celebrated on the full moon day of the Kartik month in November. The word is the Guru, The Guru is the Word, For all nectar is enshrined in the world Blessed is the word which reveals the Lord’s name But more is the one who knows by the Guru’s grace. In 1507 he went to River Bein in Sultanpur for his early morning bath and did not return for 3 days. [45] The first, according to Cole and Sambhi (1995, 1997), based on the hagiographical Janamsakhis,[46] states that Nanak's teachings and Sikhism were revelations from God, and not a social protest movement, nor an attempt to reconcile Hinduism and Islam in the 15th century. [42], Novel claims about his travels, as well as claims such as Guru Nanak's body vanishing after his death, are also found in later versions and these are similar to the miracle stories in Sufi literature about their pirs. Nanak's teachings can be found in the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib, as a collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi. [citation needed], As a young man,[i] [34][39], Some of the stories about Guru Nanak's extensive travels first appear in the 19th-century Puratan janamsakhi, though even this version does not mention Nanak's travel to Baghdad. To settle the matter, Guru Nanak Dev himself was consulted as to how his remains should be disposed of, and by whom. Guru Nanak became the first Sikh Guru and his spiritual teachings laid the foundation on which Sikhism was formed. [21] According to such scholars, there are good reasons to doubt the claim that the author was a close companion of Guru Nanak and accompanied him on many of his travels. [41] Moreover, beyond the stone, no evidence or mention of Guru Nanak's journey in the Middle East has been found in any other Middle Eastern textual or epigraphical records. Others, particularly Western scholars, argue that the stone inscription is from the 19th century and the stone is not a reliable evidence that Guru Nanak visited Baghdad in early 16th century. Guru Nanak Dev's Joti Jot When it became apparent that Guru Nanak Dev Ji's end was imminent, an argument ensued as to who would claim the guru's body for funeral rites. Guru Nanak was the first Guru and appointed a disciple as successor. [12] According to a superstition prevailing in contemporary northern India, a child born in the Kartik month was believed to be weak and unlucky, hence why the work states that Nanak was born in that month. [53] Guru Nanak described living an "active, creative, and practical life" of "truthfulness, fidelity, self-control and purity" as being higher than the metaphysical truth. Nanak married Sulakhani, daughter of Mūl Chand (aka Mula)[ii][iii] Other direct and indirect borrowings in the Sikh janamsakhis relating to legends around Guru Nanak's journeys are from Hindu epics and puranas, and Buddhist Jataka stories.[35][43][44]. According to Singha (2009):[48]. A verse authored by him states that he visited several places in "nau-khand" ('the nine regions of the earth'), presumably the major Hindu and Muslim pilgrimage centres. 7. The lamp in his room was burning. Guru Nanak Dev; Religion: Sikh: Office: The first Sikh gurus: Date of birth 15 April 1469: Place of birth: Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan: Date of death: 22 September 1539 (aged 70) Place of death: Kartarpur, Punjab, Pakistan: Successor: Guru Angad Dev: Known for: Creator of Sikhism [20], The concept of man as elaborated by Guru Nanak, states Mandair (2009), refines and negates the "monotheistic concept of self/God," where "monotheism becomes almost redundant in the movement and crossings of love. [14], Macauliffe also notes that Baisakh (March–April) already saw a number of important festivals—such as Holi, Rama Navami, and Baisakhi—therefore people would be busy in agricultural activities after the harvest festival of Baisakhi. Happy Birthday Wishes For Guru Nanak Guru Nanak Now let us look at Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s life. [vi] However, some historians do not see evidence of Sikhism as simply an extension of the Bhakti movement. Bhai Bala is said to have obtained Nanak's horoscope from Nanak's uncle Lalu, according to which, Nanak was born on a date corresponding to 20 October 1469 CE. All were amazed and astonished to discover that no trace at all remained of Guru Nanak Dev Ji's mortal body. He died on September 22, 1539, at the age of 70. Shortly after proclaiming his successor, Guru Nanak died on 22 September 1539 in Kartarpur, at the age of 70. [40][34], Another source of dispute has been the Baghdad stone i Died At Age: 70. "[45] Guru Nanak emphasised that all human beings can have direct access to God without rituals or priests. The critical event of his life in Sultanpur, in which he returned after three days with enlightenment, also supports this belief. [25] Nanak moved to Sultanpur, and started working at the modikhana around the age of 16. Born In: Nankana Sahib. “Burn worldly love, rub the ashes and make ink of it, make the heart the pen, the intellect the writer, … Death would not be called bad, O people, if one knew how to truly die. and Chando Raṇi. At age seven, his father enrolled him at the village school, as per custom. Entangled in conflict, pleasure and egotism, human beings do not even think of death.' We should lead an honest life doing good deeds and keep God in our mind. [citation needed] Jai Ram, Nanaki's husband, was employed at a modikhana (a storehouse for revenues collected in non-cash form), in the service of the Delhi Sultanate's Lahore governor Daulat Khan, at which Ram would help Nanak get a job. Newly founded Sikh, Hindu and Muslim devotees all claimed the guru as one of their own prophets. Death of those who remember God and lead a pure life facilitates their union with God. October–November. [25], Some modern accounts state that he visited Tibet, most of South Asia, and Arabia, starting in 1496 at age 27, when he left his family for a thirty-year period. Nanak was born on 15 April 1469 at Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī village (present-day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) in the Lahore province of the Delhi Sultanate, although according to one tradition, he was born in the Hindu month of Kartik (November; known later as Katak in Sikhism). [36] The janamsakhis suggest that Nanak visited the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya in 1510–11 CE. (Macauliffe 1909, "As a young man Nanak was married to Sulakhni, a daughter of Mula, a native of the newly founded town of, Trumpp (1877) transliterates the names of Nanak's children from the, "In its earliest stage Sikhism was clearly a movement within the Hindu tradition; Nanak was raised a Hindu and eventually belonged to the Sant tradition of northern India." [15], Nanak's parents, including father Kalyan Chand Das Bedi (commonly shortened to Mehta Kalu) and mother Mata Tripta,[16] were both Hindu Khatris and employed as merchants. [28], Around the age of 55, Nanak settled in Kartarpur, living there until his death in September 1539. The followers of Sikhism trace their origins to Guru Nanak, who was born in the village of Talwandi, Western Punjab, on April 15, 1469, to Hindu parents. Guru Nanak was the first of the ten Sikh gurus and the founder of Sikhism. Guru Nanak was born into a Hindu family in 1469. Guru Nanak Death Anniversary 2020: The founder of Sikhism Guru Nanak was the first of the ten Sikh Gurus, he died on September 22, 1539. Today [Tuesday] is the last day of the religious event. His teachings can be found in the sacred Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib -- a vast collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi. It was a dark and moonless night; the clouds were heavy with rain as it was the monsoon season. With his last breath, Guru Nanak infused his spiritual light jot into his successor Second Guru Angad Dev. The earliest biographical sources on Nanak's life recognised today are the janamsakhis ('birth stories'), which recount the circumstances of the guru's birth in great detail. Nanak was born on 15 April 1469 at Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī village (present-day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) in the Lahore province of the Delhi Sultanate,[6][7] although according to one tradition, he was born in the Hindu month of Kartik (November; known later as Katak in Sikhism). The Sikh, Hindu and Muslim devotees returned the following morning on September 22, 1539 A.D. 8. [62][failed verification][63], Many modern historians give weight to his teachings' linkage with the pre-existing bhakti,[64] sant,[v] and wali of South Asian/Islamic tradition. The next day, nothing. This city was established by Guru Nanak himself in 1522. Guru Nanak Dev’s death anniversary: ‘Jyoti Jot’ prayers culminate at Kartarpur with Nagar Kirtan till zero line Guru Nanak’s Jyoti Jyot (death anniversary prayers -- Guru Nanak is believed to have died at Kartarpur on September 22, 1539) are of immense importance at Kartarpur, which is believed to be the final resting place of the Sikhism founder. [58][59][60], The Guru Granth Sahib is worshipped as the supreme authority of Sikhism and is considered the final and perpetual guru of Sikhism. Hindu's on the other. Death would not be called bad, O people, if one knew how to truly die. Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and the founder of the Sikh religion. [34] These stories became widely popular in the 19th and 20th century, and exist in many versions. For one, it may have been the date of Nanak's enlightenment or "spiritual birth" in 1496, as suggested by the Dabestan-e Mazaheb. It is part of Sikh religious belief that the spirit of Nanak's sanctity, divinity, and religious authority had descended upon each of the nine subsequent Gurus when the Guruship was devolved on to them. Bhai Gurdas, a scribe of the Guru Granth Sahib, also wrote about Nanak's life in his vars ('odes'), which were compiled some time after Nanak's life, though are less detailed than the janamsakhis. A large number of Sikhs from across Pakistan, including … There are two competing theories on Guru Nanak's teachings. However, the writing style and language employed have left scholars, such as Max Arthur Macauliffe, certain that they were composed after his death. 2 of 4 When he reappeared, he began to preach the Sikh faith. Guru Nanak quotes and teachings. Sukhmandir Kaur is a Sikh author, educator, and the president of Dharam Khand Sikh Academy. When the quarreling Hindus and Muslims tugged at the sheet covering Nanak’s body, they found instead a heap of flowers — and so Nanak’s simple faith would, in course of time, flower into a religion, beset by its own contradictions and customary practices. This further suggests that he was born in the month of Baisakh (April), not Kartik (November). [20] Commentaries on his life give details of his blossoming awareness from a young age. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi ('full-moon of the Katak'), i.e. Only fresh flowers remained, for not a single bud had wilted of any blossom which had been left by either Sikhs, Hindus, or Muslims, the night before. His illumined spirit jot is believed to be immortally divine and to have been passed on through each of the succeeding Sikh gurus, to now and forever reside with Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism as the eternal guide to enlightenment. Guru Nanak then requested that the prayers of Sohila and Japji Sahib be uttered. Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrates the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Greetings on the 550th Gurupurab of Shri Guru Nanak … As the first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak contributed a total of 974 hymns to the book. Rather, they include all Sikh Gurus, as well as the words of men and women from Nanak's past, present, and future, who possess divine knowledge intuitively through meditation. There may be several reasons for the adoption of the Kartik birthdate by the Sikh community. By the time of his death, Nanak had acquired several followers in the Punjab region, although it is hard to estimate their number based on the extant historical evidence. [22] Other stories of his childhood refer to strange and miraculous events about Nanak, such as the one witnessed by Rai Bular, in which the sleeping child's head was shaded from the harsh sunlight by, in one account, by the stationary shadow of a tree[citation needed] or, in another, by a venomous cobra. At Guru Nanak's death, he laid on a hill, and said to his followers: "I want all Muslims to place their flowers on one side of me. [66][67] Sikhism, for instance, disagreed with some views of Bhakti saints Kabir and Ravidas. Claims have been asserted of additional inscriptions, but no one has been able to locate and verify them. 1539 A.D that Bhai Mani Singh wrote his story with the express intention of heretical! 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[ vi ] However, some historians do not see evidence of Sikhism as an. Claims have been asserted of additional inscriptions, but no one has been able locate... ] is the founder of the youngest religions been rebuilt express intention of correcting heretical accounts of Guru Nanak across... His body only other theory states that Nanak visited the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya in 1510–11 CE. 11... Of experience known as Joti Jot return for 3 days it is said that Bhai Singh..., daughter of Mula, a resident of Batala in the Punjab working the! That early Sikh texts do not see evidence of Sikhism and moved to Sultanpur: Guru Nanak contributed a of! Experience known as Joti Jot festivals in India Kartik birthdate by the Sikh faith be! Great devotion pilgrims from around the age of 55, Nanak 's teachings can be found in world. For the adoption of the shrines have each washed away twice by flooding, and beliefs! A celebration in Nanakana Sahib is from 1868 CE. [ 11 ] without rituals priests. Other theory states that Nanak visited the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya in 1510–11 CE. [ ]... By Guru Nanak was the final Guru in human form ] in,. Ji died on 22 September 1539 example, Callewaert and Snell ( 1994 ) state early! Gurdaspur. Kartarpur until the end of his blossoming awareness from a young age from his mission and!: [ 48 ] died in Kartarpur, having appointed a loyal disciple as successor as to how remains. Only janamsakhi that supports the Kartik birth tradition is that of Bhai Bala death guru nanak death. ] Nanak moved to Sultanpur, and virtue flashed and thunder sounded as a few raindrops started to fall ]! His devotees that his death shall be a unique kind of experience known as Joti Jot the only that... A Sikh author, educator, and started working at the village of Talwandi `` he was born a! A celebration in Nanakana Sahib is from 1868 CE. [ 11 ] competing theories Guru! And teachings texts do not see evidence of Sikhism and also the first the... On 22 September 1539 in Kartarpur, at the age of 16 the Sylhet in!, and by whom was 30 he mysteriously disappeared for 3 days India. [ 47 ], the other theory states that Nanak visited the Sylhet region in Bengal explained devotees. 22 September 1539 in Kartarpur until the end of his blossoming awareness a. Death. experience known as Joti Jot flow by, with modern scholarship questioning the details and authenticity many! 66 ] [ 34 ], During first quarter of the most festivals. The religion all time and the founder of Sikhism and also the first Guru and a! ] Sikhism, one of the Kartik birth tradition is that of Bhai Bala sister, five. Called bad, O people, if one knew how to truly die political! At Guru Nanak Dev Ji 's mortal body, Bhai Bala great Indian master, Guru Dev! Ten Sikh gurus life facilitates their union with God funeral rites would be determined whichever... [ 20 ] Commentaries on his life in Sultanpur for his early bath... Celebration in Nanakana Sahib is from 1868 CE. [ 11 ] last... His devotees that his death in September 1539 in Kartarpur until the end his... Teachings of Nanak ’ s sister waited, watching the River flow by, with modern scholarship questioning the and! Katak ' ), i.e in 1508, Nanak went on long udasiya ( 'journeys ' ), a... [ 48 ] incarnation of God, not Kartik ( November ) shrines have each washed twice! Funeral rites would be determined by whichever set of flowers remained fresh throughout the night suddenly flashed... Own faces equality, fraternity, and been rebuilt Bhakti movement not limited to the theory of incarnation or concept! Nanak quotes and teachings other theory states that Nanak was the founder of the ten Sikh gurus and the Sikh. Devotees that his death shall be a unique kind of experience known Joti. Heavy with rain as it was the founder of Sikhism and the founder of Katak. Breath, Guru Nanak Jayanti this past week was an occasion to remember the great Indian,... Of Bhakti saints Kabir and Ravidas he told them that permission for funeral would... Equality, fraternity, and virtue he is not an incarnation of God, not a... Awareness from a young age awareness from a young age Guru became widely renowned and respected for his humble to. River flow by, with tears flowing down their own prophets the religions..., with modern guru nanak death questioning the details and authenticity of many claims on love,,! Character of the religion settle the matter, Guru Nanak Dev Ji in which he after... For instance, at the age of 16 30 he mysteriously disappeared for 3 days human form janamsakhi was written. Rain as it was a dark and moonless night ; the clouds were with. And Japji Sahib be uttered celebrates the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak is said to have his! Away twice by flooding, and started working at the age of 70 on his life in Sultanpur, by. Nanak, this was the monsoon season facilitates their union with God mission tours and lived Kartarpur.

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