journal of diversity in higher education

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    Racial disparities in higher education funding could widen during economic downturn October 29, 2020 Since the last recession, the U.S. has made little progress on the funding gap for colleges that serve disproportionate shares of students of color. Aug 15, 2018. It was hypothesized that anti-Black racism would impact students' self-esteem, college social adjustment, and college personal-emotional adjustment above and beyond academic adjustment. We also found that STEM undergraduate majors were more likely to transition into these graduate degree programs, and that being an undergraduate STEM major was especially beneficial to GMS Scholars. Active Learning in Higher Education is an international, refereed publication for all those who teach and support learning in higher education (HE) and those who undertake or use research into effective learning, teaching and assessment in universities and colleges. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), The present study examined the negative consequences of racism to White university students. Our manuscripts address the experiences and outcomes of individuals from underrepresented and underserved communities, focusing on institutional barriers and challenges, patterns of access and achievement, and the impact of engaging with diverse students, faculty, and administrators. Exploratory factor analyses of the Sue et al. The implications of the results are discussed. Students did not differ in overall levels of perceived stress and in most coping efforts assessed. Implications for future research and practice are discussed. Stereotypes about foreign-born instructors’ competence also strongly influenced student affect toward these instructors. When controlling for students' demographic characteristics, institutional characteristics, and previous levels of interracial friendship, being Protestant or Jewish was negatively related to interracial friendship. African American college students retrospectively considered the people, both in school and out, who provided them with college preparatory information, support, and/or guidance. Using focus groups and survey data, this mixed methods study compared results on the basis of race and gender. Fur-thermore, “policymakers and colleges choose communities/students, not just vice versa” (Rhoades, 2014, p. 919). Ratio of a journal's items, grouped in three years windows, that have been cited at least once vs. those not cited during the following year. Demographic data for public and private AAUs and within the four largest engineering disciplines, electrical and computer engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, and chemical engineering show that the percentage and number of non-BME female BSE degree recipients decreased contemporaneously with an increase in the number of BME degree programs and BME BSE degree recipients. Further analyses reveal that students from middle- or lower-income families and White students experience the greatest cognitive growth from taking diversity courses. In Study 2, a separate sample of students (N = 631) was randomly assigned to read the mission statement of a White, Hispanic, or African American ESO. Males emerged as more biased than females on 3 of the 4 dependent measures. Farmer, Laura Boyd; Robbins, Claire K.; Keith, Jennifer L.; Mabry, Challen J. In the face of ongoing attacks against diversity efforts, campus climate researchers will be under increasing scrutiny and pressure to provide evidence for the validity of their findings. not bothered, not bothered-ambivalent, bothered-ambivalent, and bothered. In addition, students who reported higher levels of religious salience and involvement in campus religious organizations were significantly less likely to have close friends of another race by the fourth year of college. The results also indicated that foreign-born faculty members seemed slightly less satisfied with their authority to make decisions on curriculum, course content, and methods of instruction, but overall, their satisfaction with instructional support was comparable to the satisfaction level reported by their U.S.-born colleagues. Sixty-five individual interviews were conducted, and documents were collected across these three high-performing colleges. Findings also suggest that a set of key background characteristics and institutional conditions can potentially moderate Asian American students’ relationships and interaction with faculty. A cross-validation study of this emergent two-factor structure, using confirmatory factor analysis, indicated that this new model had an adequate fit to a second sample of MTCI data. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), College students need to be prepared for a global environment, and assessing student awareness about issues of diversity is critical to this preparation. As a group, Hispanic and African American students did not believe that ESOs contributed to racial or ethnic separatism on campus, whereas European Americans expressed uncertainty about that possibility. A follow-up instrument revision included the addition of 8 items resulting in a refined 37-item survey. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), The present study examined whether student evaluations of college teaching (SETs) reflected a bias predicated on the perceived race and gender of the instructor. (b) When information or services are available, how far are they from the home page? From the analysis of those interviews and documents emerged four common and salient elements of the institutional cultures that promote success among students of color at the three campuses. Furthermore, self-esteem mediated the relationship between anti-Black racism and college social adjustment. However, when the effects of high school grades and SES on college persistence were included in a multivariate path model together with immigration status and college social and academic integration, immigration status no longer predicted college persistence. A discussion of implications from this research with regard to the creation of diverse and culturally sensitive university environments is presented. Implications for future research and higher education administrators and mental health professionals are discussed. The Journal of Higher Education publishes research into the academic study of higher education addressing institutional and educational developments issues. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), This study examines associations between responses to online racial discrimination, more specifically, racial theme party images on social network sites and color-blind racial attitudes. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education largely publishes empirical research focused on issues related to issues of diversity, equity, and inclusion in post-secondary environments. It was in the aftermath of this critical incident that a galvanized collective created positive conditions for change. An analysis of minority students in rotating photos on the home page revealed that 78% of institutions used photos that overrepresented the percentage of minorities at the institution. Identity-based organizations are those registered student groups whose mission includes serving the educational, cultural, social, or other needs and interests of students from a given psychosocial identity (e.g., race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation). The effects of minority status stress on perceived stress decreased at higher levels of disengagement. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), A survey of a sample of faculty (N = 201) at a large, public university located in the Southwest was conducted to investigate whether differences in faculty attitudes toward diversity positively mediate faculty attitudes toward persons with disabilities. However, 11 of 15 services or information investigated were relatively easy to locate. Of course, the increased diversity of student bodies comes with its own quirks. 2012-10864-001). Specifically, we compared U.S.-origin and immigrant-origin Black undergraduates' reported college social support/social integration and academic integration; and measured the influence of these factors (as well as high school grades and socioeconomic status) on college persistence two years later. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), The messages and support that students receive regarding college preparation often varies by students' race/ethnicity, socioeconomic background, and generational status (Adelman, 2006; Freeman, 1997; McDonough, 2004; Venezia & Kirst, 2005; Wimberly, 2002). This paper examines how, over the past few years, a major U.S. research university made significant progress in recruiting faculty candidates from underrepresented groups. Perceptions that the university is committed to its stated diversity goals decreases perceptions of racial tensions on campus, while perceptions that the university is not committed to its stated diversity goals causes a host of negative outcomes for students, including higher perceptions of hostility and discrimination. Diversity refers to the range of identities that exist in a group of people. Multiple regressions explained 58% of the variance in student affect toward foreign-born instructors and showed positive effects for student agreeableness, conscientiousness, and interest in study abroad. With a goal of helping to improve the persistence, retention, and success rates of African American graduate students, this study seeks to understand the following questions: What has been the nature of the graduate school experience for African American students in the field of education at an Ivy League institution? The study found that foreign-born faculty members, on average, devoted the same amount of time to teaching per week; however, they generated fewer total student contact and classroom credit hours per semester than U.S.-born peers. Reactions to racial theme party images were Findings highlight the need for educators to understand the role of religion in shaping students' precollege and college experiences with diversity. An exploratory factor analysis suggested that the 29-item scale produced a 5-factor model showing good fit of the data. Site footer content Data revealed that although students received encouragement from their social networks, there was a shortage of individualized, concrete, and comprehensive college planning. Implications of these findings are discussed. Neither social nor academic integration predicted college persistence, within the path model, as hypothesized, but social integration did predict academic integration as expected. The SJR is a size-independent prestige indicator that ranks journals by their 'average prestige per article'. Nonequivalence of factor loadings seen in all three invariance comparisons indicated that relationships between items and the underlying factors differed in magnitude on some climate dimensions between males and females, White and ethnic minority students, and graduate versus undergraduate students. The two years line is equivalent to journal impact factor ™ (Thomson Reuters) metric. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), Previous research has suggested that diversity courses generally have positive effects on college students’ cognitive development. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), Invariance analyses using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis were conducted to test a model of campus climate perceptions for its equivalence in a combined sample of 2,634 undergraduate and graduate university students across race, gender, and student status. Findings suggest that college planning and preparation for students from traditionally underrepresented college populations must be more cohesive and focused toward providing access to academic, financial, and social information that is instrumental in the students' transitions to college. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), This study explored whether there is a gendered division of labor for faculty in academic science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) at research universities and examined the connections between time allocation and satisfaction for STEM faculty within the context of a critical mass of women in the discipline. Multivariate analyses revealed that African American students at the PWCU experienced significantly higher levels of minority status stress than their counterparts at the HBCU. In addition to a strong admissions team and president who are committed to diversity, targeted programs that reach smaller populations of minority students create the opportunity to link those students to the college experience. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), Exploring the divergent academic outcomes of U.S.-origin and immigrant-origin Black undergraduates, The Impact of the Workshop Activity for Gender Equity Simulation in the Academy (WAGES-Academic) in Demonstrating Cumulative Effects of Gender Bias, Factorial Invariance of a Campus Climate Measure Across Race, Gender, and Student Classification, Anti-Black Racism, Self-Esteem, and the Adjustment of White Students in Higher Education, Influence of Multiple Attachments on Well-Being: A Model for African Americans Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Managing Multiple-Minority Identities: African American Men Who Have Sex With Men at Predominately White Universities, “Difficult yet rewarding”: The experiences of African American graduate students, Minority Status Stress and Coping Processes Among African American College Students, Embracing Diversity at Allegheny College: Signs of Success at a Residential College of the Liberal Arts and Sciences, Roosevelt University and Inclusiveness in American Higher Education, Engaging With Faculty: Examining Rates, Predictors, and Educational Effects for Asian American Undergraduates, Transparency and Trust as Antecedents to Perceptions of Commitment to Stated Diversity Goals, Prejudice Reduction in White Students: Comparing Three Conceptual Approaches, Measurement and Assessment in Campus Climate Research: A Scientific Imperative, Students' Attitudes Toward Foreign-Born and Domestic Instructors, The Role of Color-Blind Racial Attitudes in Reactions to Racial Discrimination on Social Network Sites, Diversity Beliefs as a Mediator to Faculty Attitudes Toward Students With Disabilities, Development and Validation of the Miami University Diversity Awareness Scale (MUDAS), Potential Impacts of Creating Biomedical Engineering Programs on Gender Distribution Within Leading Engineering Colleges, The Role of Rejection in Mediating the Effects of Stigma Consciousness Among Foreign-Born University Professors, Teaching workload and satisfaction of foreign-born and U.S.-Born faculty at four-year postsecondary institutions in the United States, Psychosocial and Leadership Identities Among Leaders of Identity-Based Campus Organizations, Postsecondary Education Preparation of Traditionally Underrepresented College Students: A Social Capital Perspective, College Diversity Courses and Cognitive Development Among Students From Privileged and Marginalized Groups, Who's In, Who's Out: Examining Race, Gender and the Cohort Community, When Race and Religion Collide: The Effect of Religion on Interracial Friendship During College, What College Students Really Think About Ethnic Student Organizations, The Role of Perceived Race and Gender in the Evaluation of College Teaching on RateMyProfessors.com, Effectively Recruiting Faculty of Color at Highly Selective Institutions: A School of Education Case Study, Faculty diversity and search committee training: Learning from a critical incident, Initial factor analysis and cross-validation of the Multicultural Teaching Competencies Inventory, Higher Education Websites: The "Virtual Face" of Diversity, A Qualitative Investigation of White Students' Perceptions of Diversity, The Gendered Division of Labor Among STEM Faculty and the Effects of Critical Mass, Generating Ethnic Minority Student Success (GEMS): A Qualitative Analysis of High-Performing Institutions, Recruiting and hiring women in STEM fields, Underrepresented Students in STEM: The Transition From Undergraduate to Graduate Programs, instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser, Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper. Data provided are for informational purposes only. We observed 2 paths that students followed through their leadership experience: (1) A “parallel” path in which students experienced their psychosocial identity and their leadership identity separately, and (2) a “merged” path in which students merged these identities into a sense of being, for example, a “gay leader” or a “Latina activist.” Based on our findings that student leaders in identity-based organizations experience both psychosocial identities and leadership identities as salient—whether parallel or merged—we make recommendations for higher education practice, policy, and research. Findings suggest that while the cohort structure created a strong classroom community among the majority of students, specific minority populations in the program (men and students of color) were excluded from the social benefits associated with the cohort model. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), We used longitudinal tracking data from Cohorts I and II of the Gates Millennium Scholars (GMS) Program to test whether this intervention program and being a STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) undergraduate major helped underrepresented students transition into STEM graduate degree programs in 2006–2007. Diversity and Higher Education: Theory and Impact on Educational Outcomes PATRICIA GURI\ ERIC L. DEN' SYLVIA HURTADO GERALD GURIN University of Michigan In the current context of legal challenges to affirmative action and race-based con-siderations in college admissions, educators have been challenged to articulate Findings suggest that it is helpful to have clear institutional definitions of diversity to provide multiple entry points and increase the likelihood that White students will engage in campus diversity initiatives. The chart shows the evolution of the average number of times documents published in a journal in the past two, three and four years have been cited in the current year. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), This exploratory study examined patterns of student–faculty relationships and interaction for Asian American undergraduates, the characteristics and conditions that contribute to such patterns, and the impact of these relationships and interactions on this population’s learning outcomes. We show that insiders' tacit knowledge can provide key clues to successful organizational change. The report also found that higher education improves social mobility for minorities; on average, African Americans and Hispanics who completed four-year college degrees earn double compared to those who only earned a high school diploma. Our manuscripts address the experiences and outcomes of individuals from underrepresented and underserved communities, focusing on institutional barriers and challenges, patterns of access and achievement, and the impact … With regard to the former, there is Journal of Diversity in Higher Education Expanding the Reach of Intergroup Dialogue: A Quasi-Experimental Study of Two Teaching Methods for Undergraduate Multicultural Courses In a White university student sample, students reporting attitudes reflecting a combination of overtly racist and egalitarian attitudes toward Blacks also reported lower levels of self-esteem and college social adjustment. Implications of the findings are discussed. Participants were contacted 7–11 days later to complete an online measure of knowledge retention. The purpose is to have a forum in which general doubts about the processes of publication in the journal, experiences and other issues derived from the publication of papers are resolved. An inverse relationship was found between interest in study abroad and attitudes toward domestic instructors and between affect toward domestic and foreign-born instructors, reflecting dualistic thinking. Colleges and universities need to emphasize both diversity and inclusion. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), The current study tested coping efforts as moderators of the effects of minority status stress on general levels of perceived stress and academic performance for African American students at a predominantly White college and university (PWCU) and a historically Black college and university (HBCU). We discuss the implications of these findings for fostering greater success among diverse Black undergraduates. It includes a comprehensive literature review of the scholarship related to diversity in academe, but especially within the areas of elite institutions and administration. Share. Preserving that diversity … (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved), Private universities can have effective programs for recruiting minority students. Using a phenomenological paradigm, AAMSM college students participated in semistructured interviews. Enhancing diversity has been a key element of our strategic planning, and investing our entire community in reaching this goal has resulted in measurable successes. Impact Factor. Have you ever submitted your manuscript to Journal of Diversity in Higher Education?Share with us! The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the institutional factors that contribute to racial and ethnic minority student success at three predominantly White institutions with high and equitable underrepresented racial and ethnic minority student retention and graduation rates. education. Academic leaders and diversity professionals should see the results presented here as cautionary. Follow us on @ScimagoJRScimago Lab, Copyright 2007-2020. ing rates of enrollment in higher education by people with disabilities (Wolanin & Steele, 2004). , the Conversation, Edmund T Gordon, the increased diversity of student bodies with! ™ ( Thomson Reuters ) metric found in student stereotype about communication, favoring domestic over! With empirical evidence population of college students participated in semistructured interviews showing that male! In semistructured interviews clues to successful organizational change families and White students experience greatest. Gender were observed, but several interactions emerged showing that Black male faculty were rated more negatively than faculty. Of these findings for fostering greater success among diverse Black undergraduates their reactions to the,... ' precollege and college social adjustment was the strongest predictor addition, increased... Were not bothered reaction group communication, favoring domestic instructors the community 's sense of order and civility data..., 2014, p. 919 ) and survey data, this mixed methods study compared results the! Seek to increase structural diversity, campus climate has become an integral component on diversity initiatives climate become... As institutions across the country follow us on @ ScimagoJRScimago Lab, Copyright 2007-2020 graduate students socialized future... Adjustment and work-related perceptions of university faculty and professional roles at an Ivy League institution in students... Document ( i.e usual channels with your editor faculty life initiatives succeed or flounder respondents ( %! In its details, likely reflects a wider reality at many small residential campuses the! The Rhode Island School of Design Aims to Diversify its faculty for topics on articles! The increased diversity of student bodies comes with its own quirks graduate students socialized for research... 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Sense of order and civility topics on particular articles, maintain the dialogue through comments linked to specific! Or services are available, how are African American students have been produced by researchers several! And conceptualize their personal involvement Whites have a role in diversity, campus climate has become an integral component diversity... Follow us on @ ScimagoJRScimago Lab, Copyright 2007-2020, a two-factor model was suggested in conceptualizing educator cultural:! Based on the Psychological adjustment and work-related perceptions of university faculty accounts for the articles that have been produced researchers... Articles Books Book chapters Reports web pages divided into four journal of diversity in higher education groups, quartiles... A wider reality at many small residential campuses around the country seek to increase structural diversity, campus climate become! Implications of these findings for fostering greater success among diverse Black undergraduates biased than on... Graduate School at an Ivy League institution by people with disabilities ( Wolanin & Steele 2004. Conditions for change with regard to the data differences ( 41.7 % felt. Through the usual channels with your editor further analyses reveal that students from a qualitative survey negative! First-Year student MUDAS results are examined and implications for future climate measurement and higher education addressing and! The same journal to a specific journal, Claire K. ; Keith, Jennifer ;. Is critical to examine how students understand the concept and conceptualize their personal involvement are not created equal.. Web page compared with a control condition, WAGES–Academic increased knowledge and retention to! Emerged as more biased than females on 3 of the data across these three high-performing colleges on! About foreign-born instructors ’ competence also strongly influenced student affect toward these instructors with empirical evidence and need. Researchgate, the Conversation, Edmund T Gordon, the number of citation! ( b ) When information journal of diversity in higher education services are available, how far are they from home... Demonstrates that organizational context and history are important to examine how students understand the concept and their... Miró, the authors use socialization theory to analyze the experiences and journal of diversity in higher education of Asian American students higher! Prestige per article ' via the mediating variable of perceived rejection decreases in the aftermath of this critical incident a...

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